During the rest periods when you sleep or sit for a long time the Plantar Fascia contracts and becomes tight. Initial movement or sudden getting up results in rapid application of body weight to the foot whereby the Fascia must quickly lengthen. This causes micro-tearing in the ligaments and stabbing pain for the first few minutes as you take steps. Night splints Using a night splint will keep your foot in the correct position, stretches your plantar flascia properly so you don't wake up to a painful couple of first steps out of bed. Plantar fasciitis stretching exercises are being used to make muscles and soft tissue longer and more flexible. Short and tight calf muscle may be one of the reasons to the heel pain. Therefore you should stretch your calf muscle and Achilles tendon on a regular basis as long as you keep treating your foot pain. Stretching the plantar fascia at the bottom of your foot is important for keeping a large motion range while walking without injuring the fascia. Planter fasciitis is diagnosed primarily by physical exam and history. Your doctor may order an x-ray of your foot to rule out other disorders. caused by plantar fasciitis occurs as a result of tissue damage and it is the body's attempt to protect the area. Swelling and pain are often factors of this process. When a person walks, the plantar fascia ligament stretches as the foot hits the ground. The fascia is designed to support a specific amount of weight or load. When the ligament is forced to stretch excessively or abnormally, particularly in a repetitive activity or through extreme weight, damage to the fascia tissue is likely to occur. Structural abnormalities that include tight calf muscles, high arches, flat feet, etc. are supposed to be the most common contributing factors. If this sounds like your heel pain, you should consider whether or not it is plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis is from the inflammation of the plantar fascia, band of tissue from your toes to your heel. Plantar fasciitis is not the only cause of heel pain (tendinitis, arthritis, or stress fractures also cause heel pain) but it is a very common complaint that needs proper attention. Flat feet can create extreme stress of the plantar fascia, which, in turn causes serious discomfort and may lead to other permanent foot problems. Without arch support, any movement can stress your body and fatigue your lower back and legs. This is why any effective treatment needs to address the biomechanical deficiencies of your walking and running if conservative treatment is to be successful. Stretching, massage and taping may also be needed but it all depends on the individual case. Also, although bad footwear doesn't cause Plantar Fasciitis , good correctly fitting shoes do ease Plantar Fasciitis so a running shoe assessment is advised. Plantar fasciitis is a medical problem that is characterized by severe pain at the heel portion of the foot. This condition usually occurs when a band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes becomes weak, swollen, and inflamed. Steroid injection - An injection of a steroid (glucocorticoid) medication could be given into the foot to alleviate pain, although the effect may wear off after a few weeks (picture 6). The injection may be repeated, although a few clinicians limit the number of times they will give injections given that they believe repeated injections may weaken the tissues in the sole with the foot. However, this belief is unproven. Surgery - Surgery isn't required for people who have plantar fasciitis It would basically be recommended if all the other treatments had failed and the person had persistent symptoms for at least 6 to 12 months. About the Author Strictly speaking plantar fasciitis is foot pain caused by the swelling in the wide plantar fascia ligament which runs underneath the arch of the foot, joining the heel bone to the toes. This ligament stretches and relaxes back with every step. When young and supple, the plantar fascia copes well with excessive stress. But over time, the accumulation of excessive stress damages it, causing minute rips to form. The sites of these small tears become inflamed as they continue to be stressed, ultimately leading to severe foot pain at the site of the rips. Many people complain about feet discomfort within the rearfoot area; normally, this is plantar fasciitis which is a particularly unpleasant affliction where the heel's muscle have miniscule rips near to the heel bone. Several things can cause this condition to occur including unhealthy weight gain, incorrect running methods, too-small sneakers, or excessive foot pressure. read more Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. This tissue is called the plantar fascia. It connects the heel bone to the toes and creates the arch of the foot. Causes You can get plantar fasciitis running shoes that are designed to protect your feet while running. These shoes are built with more durability than normal plantar fasciitis shoes because they have to handle the stress of your running. Running puts a lot of pressure on your heels and can greatly irritate plantar fasciitis. The best plantar fasciitis running shoes will prevent this. For people who need to dress out, dress shoes are important. There are special dress shoes for plantar fasciitis out there that you can look at getting. So you can be assured your feet are being protected even as you look your best.